INTERNATIONAL DELIVERY OF GOODS

A) Ticari İşletmede Teslim / Ex Works (EXW)
B) Taşıyıcıya Teslim / Free CARRIER (FCA)
C) Gemi Doğurultusunda Teslim / Free Alongside Ship (FAS)
D) Gemi Bordasında Teslim / Free on Board (FOB)
E) Mal Bedeli veya Navlun / Cost and Freight ( CFR)
F) Mal Bedeli, Sigorta ve Navlun / Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF)
G) Taşıma Ücreti Ödenmiş Olarak Teslim / Carriage Paid To (CPT)
H) Taşıma Ücreti ve Sigorta Ödenmiş Olarak Teslim / Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP)
I) Sınırda Teslim / Delivered At Frontier (DAF)
J) Gemide Teslim / Delivered Ex Ship (DES)
K) Rıhtımda Teslim ( Gümrük Vergi ve Harçları Ödenmiş Olarak ) / Delivered Ex Quay (Duty Paid) (DEQ)
L) Gümrük Resmi Ödenmemiş Olarak Teslim / Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU)
M) Gümrük Resmi Ödenmiş Olarak Teslim / Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)
A) TİCARİ İŞLETMEDE TESLİM / EX WORKS (EXW)
"Ex works" satıcının malları işletmesinde (fabrika,depo v.s.) alıcı emrine hazır tutmakla teslim yükümlülüğünü yerine getirdiği anlamındadır. The seller is not responsible for loading the goods on a vehicle provided by the buyer or their passing through the exportation customs unless otherwise agreed. The buyer has the liability for all costs and risks abour the transportation of the goods from the starting point until the destination. This term describes the form of sale with the least amount of liability among all forms of sale. In this type of delivery the sales price specified in the agreement only includes the price of packaged goods. The buyer is responsible for all transportation, loading, unloading and insurance paid starting from the date of delivery.
B) DELIVERY TO THE CARRIER / FREE CARRIER (FCA)
This term represents that the delivery obligation of the seller ends with the passing of the goods through the exportation custums and the delivery of the goods to the carrier specified by the buyer at the preset place or point. If the buyer has not specified a certain place of delivery, the seller may determine a place near the place that the carrier will take delivery of the goods. If the trade practices require the assistance in the sale in order for making a contract with the carrier (e.g. in iron and airlines transportation) the seller may act in a manner to leave all risks and costs to the buyer.
C) FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (FAS)
This term represents that the delivery obligation of the seller ends with the placement of the goods at the dock or barge as free alongside ship at the specified port. This means that the buyer has to bear all costs and risks of loss of or damage to the goods from that moment. The loading, unloading, shipping and insurance costs of the goods shall be borne by the buyer. In FAS, the sales price specified in the agreement includes both the price of the goods and the shipping costs until the dock. This term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This should not be used if the buyer shall not fulfill the export transactions directly or indirectly. This term can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport.
D) FREE ON BOARD (FOB)
This term represents that the delivery obligation of the seller is fulfilled when the goods have passed over the ship is rail at the named port of shipment. From this moment, all lost or damaged risks for the goods shall be borne by the buyer. If the ship is rail serves no practical purpose, (such as in the case of roll-on/roll-off or container traffic), the FCA term should be used.
E) COST AND FREIGHT (CFR)
This term requires the seller to pay all costs and freight for sending the goods to the destination port. The seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named Port of destination but the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time of delivery, are transferred from the seller to the buyer. The term CFR requires the seller to clear the goods for export.
F) COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT (CIF)
The seller has the same obligations as under CFR. However, the seller also has to procure insurance against the buyer is risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium.The buyer must know that the seller has only the liability to procure minimum coverage in the insurance. This term requires the seller to clear the goods for export. This term can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport. If the ship is rail does not mean something in practice, the CIP term should be used.
G) CARRIAGE PAID TO (CPT)
This means that the seller must pay the costs and freight necessary to bring the goods to the named Port of destination. But the risk of loss of or damage to the goods, as well as any additional costs due to events occurring after the time of delivery, are transferred from the seller to the buyer. Carrier is the person who undertakes the transport process under a contract of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland water transportation, or their combinations.
H) CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO (CIP)
The seller has the same obligations as under CPT. However, in addition, the seller also has to procure insurance against the buyer is risk of loss of or damage to the goods during the carriage. The seller contracts for insurance and pays the insurance premium.
I) DELIVERED AT FRONTIER (DAF)
This term means that seller is liability ends when the goods are cleared at customs and kept ready before the customs frontier of the adjacent country. "Frontier" term could be used for any frontier including the border of the exporting country. Therefore, it is vital that the frontier in question be defined precisely by always naming the point and place in the term.
J) DELIVERED EX SHIP (DES)
This term means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver the goods when the goods have been made available to the buyer on board the ship uncleared for import at the named Port of destination.The seller undertakes all costs and risks for the goods to be delivered to the port of destination. This term can only be used for sea or inland waterway transport.
K) DELIVERED EX QUAY(Duty Paid) (DEQ)
This term means that the seller fulfils his obligation to deliver when he has made the goods available to the buyer on the quay (wharf) at the named port of destination, cleared for importation.The seller has to bear all risks and costs including duties, taxes and other charges of delivering the goods thereto.  This term should not be used if the seller is unable directly or indirectly to obtain the import license.If the parties wish the buyer to clear the goods for importation and pay the duty the word "duty unpaid" should be used instead of "duty paid". If the parties wish to exclude from the seller is obligations some of the costs payable upon importation of the goods (such as value added tax(VAT)), this should be made clear by adding words to this effect.
L) DELIVERED DUTY UNPAID (DDU)
Delivered duty unpaid means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available at the named place in the country of importation.  The seller has to bear the costs and risks involved in bringing the goods thereto (excluding duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon importation) as well as the costs and risks of carrying out customs formalities. The buyer has to pay any additional costs and to bear any risks caused by his failure to clear the goods for import in time.If the parties wish the seller to carry out customs formalities and bear the costs and risks resulting therefrom, this has to be made clear by adding words to this effect. If the parties wish to include in the seller is obligations some of the costs payable upon importation of the goods (such as value added tax(VAT)), this should be made clear by adding words to this effect. This term can be used irrespective of the mode of transport.
M) DELIVERED DUTY PAID (DDP)
This term means that the seller fulfills his obligation to deliver when the goods have been made available at the named place in the country of importation.The seller has to bear the risks and costs, including duties, taxes and other charges of delivering the goods thereto, cleared for importation.Whilst the EXW term represents the minimum obligation for the seller, DDP represents the maximum obligation.
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